Addis Ababa is a major hub for international airlines through the national airline of Ethiopia that links to East, West and South Africa, Europe and the Middle East, America and the Far East. Ethiopian airline also offers domestic services to the major towns and most regional centers in Ethiopia.Ethiopian Airlines (EAL) has both domestic and international flights to major tour cites like Mekelle and Bahir-Dar and the national carrier to Axum, Gondar, Lalibella, Dire Dawa, Jimma, Gambella, Arba Minch, Jijiga and the like. Visitors are encouraged to use EAL for their international flights since priority is given to these clients when flying on the domestic circuit. Most travel between major towns and sites is easily accessible by air and prices are relatively cheaper compared to international standards. EAL has an excellent safety record and is noted for its excellent service. Other airlines serving in Ethiopia include: Lufthansa, British Airways, KLM (Royal Dutch Airways), Emirates, Yemeni, Egypt and other international airway services arrive at Bole International Airport, Addis Ababa.
In Ethiopia are at good condition with border posts at Moyale on the Kenyan border, Rama -Adwa and Adigrat the border with Eritrea (temporary is not functioning), Humera and Metema on the Sudanese boarder and Dewelle and Gallafi on Djibouti boarder.
A valid passport is required by all visitors, and a visa is required for all visitor foreigners. Visas may be obtained by application to the nearest Ethiopian diplomatic mission overseas. Nationals of 33 countries are now allowed to receive their tourist visas upon arrival at Bole International Air port at regular charges. The nationals include: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Luxemburg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia , South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK and USA.
While clothing depends on the season of the year, it is best to remember that Ethiopians are fairly conservative in their dresses, suits and ties being standard in offices. For tourists light cotton clothing with sunglasses and a hat will be required in the warm lowlands, while in the highlands light or medium-weight clothing is appropriate. During the rainy season a light raincoat and umbrella are essential, and a sweater is best for chilly evenings. The sun can be very strong in low altitudes, so a strong sunscreen is important.
The Ethiopian national dish consists of Injera, a flat circular pancake made of fermented dough. Various side dishes of meat, pulses and vegetables along with sauces are generally spiced and served with Injera. The Injera is either topped with these side servings or it can be torn off and used to pick up the sauces and fillings. In Ethiopia it is traditional to eat with the right hand and water for washing one’s hands is usually brought the table before the dish is served.
The top 5 star hotel – is the luxury collection of Sheraton Addis and the Hilton four star hotels- are situated in Addis Ababa along with several other tourist class hotels. Outside of Addis Ababa, the standards vary immensely with the hotels in the north being generally better than the hotels in the south. Overall, rooms are very clean and comfortable with suite toilet and shower.
A recognition of traditional courtesies is important when visiting another country. While Ethiopians are well aware of the form in other countries, they tend to be conservative at home. A handshake greeting is normal, with a pleasant discussion on personal matters before getting down to business. The offer of tea or coffee is normal. Shoes are often taken off on entering churches, and always on entering mosques.
The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic, with its distinctive alphabet, although over 80 local languages are spoken. English is the second official language, and is understood in most hotels and major towns. Arabic, French and Italian are also understood.
Ethiopia is located at the cross roads between the Middle East and Africa. Through its long history, Ethiopia has become a melting pot of diverse custom and varied cultures, some of which are extremely ancient. Ethiopia comprises varieties of nationalities and nations and peoples and linguistic groups. Over 80 different languages constituting 12 Semetic, 22 Cushetic, 18 Omotic and 18 Nilo- Saharan languages are spoken in the country.
Ethiopians are generally considered as courteous and hospitable, trustworthy, sincere, friendly and hardworking.
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